The extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) is a six year program that extends the successful BOSS experiment with new classes of galaxy and quasar spectroscopic targets. Using luminous red galaxies (LRG), emission line galaxies (ELG), and quasars covering redshifts never before explored with baryon acoustic oscillation measurements (BAO), we will obtain spectra for more than one million direct tracers of the cosmic density field from 0.6<z<2.2. The project is more than halfway complete and has already produced its first cosmological measurements. In this talk, I will provide an overview of the program and the results from the first two years of the survey. I will provide a more thorough description of the emission line galaxy component of eBOSS that started one year ago and will conclude this summer. That ELG program is a stepping stone toward the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) starting in 2019. I will conclude with a discussion of the DESI project and the potential for spectroscopy as a tool to constrain cosmology in the years after DESI.